The Clare Spark Blog

December 12, 2010

HBO’s In Treatment and Boardwalk Empire

Filed under: Uncategorized — clarelspark @ 9:02 pm
Tags: , , , , , , ,


Enoch "Nucky" Johnson

 Both these series are pitched to HBO’s hip left-liberal audience—an audience that prides itself on its pacifism, its social responsibility, its concern for the weak, its unflinching gaze at the American past, and its willingness to make sacrifices to advance its generally collectivist agenda. One would think therefore that the relief of human suffering (as in the healing professions) and a strict adherence to the rule of law would be moral anchors for the evaluation of their edgy productions. Sadly, this is not the case with two of HBO’s most lauded series: In Treatment and Boardwalk Empire.

    First, In Treatment: the first two seasons were adapted from an Israeli series; the third season, completed last week, was not. In the last episode, Paul Weston, a clinical psychologist, doubts whether or not he should remain in his profession, for he has no objective way to evaluate the accuracy of what his clients are telling him. This is postmodernist uncertainty and existentialist despair, pure and simple. Whereas at least one of his patients in season one (the teen-age gymnast) was pulled back from the brink of suicide through therapy, in season three, Sunil, the Indian father-in-law of the blonde and assertive “Julia,” has tread lightly on the truth in order to get himself deported back to his home country, thus triggering a failure of nerve in Paul. We are left hanging in the season finale, as Paul, rejected as a sexual partner by his latest female therapist, melts into the Brooklyn street, a street inhabited by hoi polloi. Such a dim view of therapy can only bolster the anti-psychiatry movement that does not base its critique on something persuasive, such as the clinical emphasis on the immediate family as opposed to the family as it operates in an abundance of confusing and failed institutions (schools, the justice system, state-imposed bureaucratic rules that strangle production and innovation in general).

   Boardwalk Empire purports to represent the social history of Atlantic City as it existed in the year that Prohibition was passed–1919 onward.  It is, however, yet another tinsel town story of civic corruption that sends a double message, very much like The Sopranos. On the one hand, we are supposed to be revolted by the graphic mayhem, decadence, racism, ethnocentrism, and sexism, while on the other hand, we are likely to identify with the criminals (and their wardrobes), simply because that is how stories work when the writers are sophisticated. Just as Tony Soprano had a mean mother, Enoch “Nucky” Thompson (the character based on city boss Enoch Johnson), had a malicious, violent father. The most obnoxious character in this first season was not a killer politician or bootlegger, it was the Calvinist federal agent from the Internal Revenue division, assigned to enforce the Volstead Act.  He is a sadomasochist, a Puritan, and a murderer who takes the law into his own hands as he drowns his second-in-command, a Jew who is secretly working for Nucky, while black Baptists look on without intervening in the gradual dunking and murder of the Jew who refuses to convert to Christianity. If the Jew disbelieves in fallen flesh and original sin, the opening titles– inspired by Magritte’s iconic figure of the ultimate bourgeois–will bring the optimistic liberal back to the guilt that is appropriate for the worldly and the damned. [See Magritte’s The Healer, illustrated above. So much for the amelioration of suffering in the social practice of “liberals.”]

    By comparison with agent Van Alden (an old Dutch-American name), Nucky and his chief lieutenant, a returning wounded veteran of the first world war, are model citizens, for they are home-loving and monogamous; the audience will side with these amiable Irishmen against their Italian and Jewish thug enemies. That is how stories work. Even if the protagonists are anti-heroes, their “good” sides and damaging family histories will encourage the audience to identify with them. (Recall the anxiety that many fans experienced at the ambiguous ending of The Sopranos.) The audience will root for them, just as they root for the lawless celebrities and political leaders who are standing up for “law and order” in today’s endlessly cynical political culture —a culture that condemns the Puritans as narcissists and killjoys, while elevating the pornography of sex and violence as some kind of artistic breakthrough in mass entertainment.

Younger Nucky


  1. […] raised this issue after the third season of HBO’s In Treatment, (See, and continued my theme in […]

    Pingback by Philip Roth, The Following, and Identification with the Aggressor | YDS: The Clare Spark Blog — March 30, 2013 @ 9:11 pm | Reply

  2. In Treatment…

    During its first season on HBO, several of my patients mentioned watching, and enjoying, HBO’s In Treatment, a show purporting to be an accurate depiction of the process of therapy and an introduction to the workings of the therapist’s mind…….

    Trackback by ShrinkWrapped — December 14, 2010 @ 5:23 pm | Reply

  3. I am appalled by the non-ending which leaves all four plot strands up in the air. This series and its viewers deserve better. Last year there was a spontaneous uprising of people who demanded Season 3. I’m advocating for Season 4.

    Comment by Karen Santella — December 14, 2010 @ 1:00 am | Reply

  4. Unfortunately I don’t get HBO, but I bet its a good series, despite the obvious liberal slant. That’s a fantastic idea about making a film-or mini-series-about Atlas Shrugged. I’ve never read the book, but I know enough about the controversy surrounding it to know it would do great box office just out of curiosity. And of course, leftists would denounce it and picket it, which would make it do even better.

    Comment by ThePaganTemple — December 13, 2010 @ 9:16 pm | Reply

  5. […] Boardwalk Empire purports to represent the social history of Atlantic City as it existed in the year that Prohibition was passed–1919 onward. It is, however, yet another tinsel town story of civic corruption that sends a double message, … boardwalk empire – Google Blog Search […]

    Pingback by HBO's In Treatment and Boardwalk Empire « YDS: The Clare Spark Blog | Boardwalk Empire — December 13, 2010 @ 7:59 pm | Reply

  6. I quite agree with you that these shows play to leftist archetypes: the corrupt Republican politician cum mob boss; the liberal caring therapist who loses faith in his profession; the Princeton war hero turned mob assassin; the hypocritical religious fanatic turned Prohibition agent; the abused and emotionally crippled patients who lie to themselves and to their therapist; the codependent and enabling family members who either have morals of mush or who behave like animals; et cetera.  Particularly with BE, I found that these programs had a false reality about them. I know that the producers are trying to communicate with a modern audience, but the racist comments were overplayed and the overt sexuality was too unrestrained.
    Still, I enjoyed these programs for their dramatic impact and quality performances. I suspect that I also enjoyed their prurient aspects as well, even if I was uncomfortable with the abridgments they made to truth or reality.

    Comment by Scott Lloyd — December 12, 2010 @ 10:18 pm | Reply

    • I never denied that they were entertaining, and in their way, well-written and acted. That makes them even more problematic. Can you imagine HBO serializing Atlas Shrugged? Now that would be a helluva story, over the top though the novel may be.

      Comment by clarespark — December 12, 2010 @ 10:22 pm | Reply

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Create a free website or blog at

%d bloggers like this: